То о чем писали -Европейские турнирные Правила шахмат
Действуют с 01.01.2012.EUROPEAN CHESS UNION
TOURNAMENT RULEShttp://www.europechess.net/index.php?op ... d=2:slides
B. General Tournament Regulations
C. Bid Procedure
D. Individual European Chess Championship
E. European Team Championship
F. European Club Cup and European Club Cup for Women
G. European Youth Championship
H. European Youth Team Championship
I. European Rapid and Blitz Championship and
European Rapid and Blitz Championship for Women
K. European Amateur Chess Championship
L. European Grand Prix
M. European Internet Rules
N. Swiss System for Team Competitions
Annex 1: Catalogue of criteria for the bid procedure
Annex 2: Entry Fees and their Distribution
Annex 3: Bid Fees and Deposit Fees
At the occasion of the General Assembly 2001 of the European Chess Union (ECU) in Leon (Spain) the tournaments rules for all ECU competitions are re-written. The ECU Board requested the International Arbiters Dirk De Ridder and Werner Stubenvoll to fulfil this task for two main reasons:
1) since the change of the FIDE-statutes in 1998 the continents obtained more independence which has its consequences on the financial regulations of the continental championships.
2) the ECU Board aims to streamline all specific tournaments rules as much as possible.
Therefore all interested organisers (federations, clubs,…) should first start reading the general rules and then the specific rules for one of the ECU competitions. Thereafter bids can be put forward according to the procedure described in the relevant chapter.
Organisers should bear in mind that the rules of a given tournament are composed of the General Tournament Regulations and the Specific Tournament Rules and therefore both should be distributed to participants!
In these Rules the words "he", "him" and "his" include "she" and "her".
B. General Tournament Regulations
1.1 A European Chess Union (abbreviated hereinafter to “ECU”) chess federation is a federation that belongs to one of the FIDE Zones 1.1 to 1.10.
1.2 All ECU Chess Federations shall have the right to participate in the European Individual and Team Competitions, irrespective of gender or age.
1.2.1 Women or girls competitions are exclusively for female players. Female players are allowed to participate in any competition.
1.3 All players participating in the European Individual and Team Championships must be entitled by birth, citizenship or naturalisation to represent their Federation.
1.3.1 A player who has resided for at least three years in a country of which he is not a citizen after the date on which FIDE shall have received notification of change of Federation and who proves that he has applied for citizenship in that country or intends to do so as soon as the legal requirements are fulfilled may become a team member of a Federation after a thorough examination and clearance of the case by the FIDE President.
1.3.2 Provided that a player did not participate in a FIDE competition including continental Individuals and Team events 5 years prior to the date of notification, the period of residence shall be reduced to 2 years in his new Federation before he can play for this Federation.
1.3.3 Players who are up to and under the age of 14 years prior to the day of notification, the period of residence shall have reduced to 1 year in his new Federation before he can play for this Federation.
1.3.4 A player with dual citizenship may only represent one Federation and is eligible by citizenship to participate on condition that he has not represented any other Federation in any FIDE team or individual competition at any time in the preceding year.
1.4 Players not belonging to an ECU chess federation shall have the right to participate in the European Club Cups on the condition that they fulfil the rules regarding foreigners of this ECU competition.
1.5 Teams or players of ECU Federations may be excluded by the ECU Board from ECU competitions if they are not in order with their payments to ECU of FIDE.
2. Frequency of the championships
2.1 Each ECU competition is organised annually.
2.2 The European Team Championship is organised biennially, namely in the year in which no FIDE Chess Olympiad is held.
3. Laws of chess
3.1 The general FIDE laws shall be applied with their supplements and interpretations as laid down by the “FIDE Rules Commission”.
3.2. In ECU competitions communication between players (the offer of draw) is forbidden until the 40th move has been played.
Senior events are excluded from this regulation.
4. Tournament systems
4.1 Individual competitions have to be played according to one of the Swiss Pairing Systems approved by the “Swiss Pairing Committee of the FIDE”.
4.2 Team competitions have to be played according to the “Swiss System for Team Competitions” (chapter M).
4.3 Pairings are allowed to be done by computers on the condition that the computer programme has been accepted by the “FIDE Swiss Pairing Committee”.
5. Rate of play
5.1 In each ECU competition only electronic clocks shall be used. Consequently a rate of play in which a player receives additional time before making each move should be applied.
5.2 The electronic clocks have to be approved by FIDE.
5.3 In general the rate of play will be the same as in the respective World Championship. Exceptions can be made by the ECU Board.
5.4 No games will be adjourned.
6. Scoring and tie-breaking system
6.1 The score in each game is 1 for a win, ½ for a draw and 0 for a lost game.
6.2 Tie-breaking in individual competitions.
The order of players that finish with the same number of points shall be determined by application of the following tie-breaking procedures in sequence, proceeding from (a) to (b) to (c) to (d) the extent required:
(a) Performance Rating, the highest number wins;
(b) Buchholz cut-1, the highest number wins;
(c) Buchholz, the highest number wins;
(d) Number of wins, the highest number wins.
In the case of unplayed games for the calculation of (a), (b) and (c) the current FIDE Tournament Rules shall be applied.
In the case there are less than 75% rated players, the following criteria will be applied:
(a) Buchholz cut-1, the highest number wins;
(b) Buchholz, the highest number wins;
(c) Number of wins, the highest number wins.
6.3 Scoring and tie-breaking in team competitions.
6.3.1 The sum of scores of each game in a match is referred to as the board points.
The team which scores more board points in a match than its opponents receives two match points, the opponents receives no match points. In the case a match ends in such a way that the sum of the board points is equal to that of its opponents, each team receives one match point.
The ranking will be made according to match points, the team obtaining the highest number of match points being declared the winner of the competition. In case of equality, B.6.3.2 shall be applied.
6.3.2 The order of teams that finish with the same number of match points shall be determined by application of the following tie-breaking procedures in sequence, proceeding from (a) to (b) to (c) to (d) the extent required:
(a) by the number of board points won, the highest number wins;
(b) by the sum of the board points of all team's opponents, the highest number wins;
(c) by the sum of the board points of all opponents defeated plus one half of the board points of all the opponents with which a tied result was achieved, the highest number wins;
(d) by the sum of the board points of all the team's opponents, excluding the opponent who scored the highest number of board points and the opponent who scored the lowest number of board points, the highest number wins.
7. Individual prizes in team competitions
7.1 The players who obtained the best individual results on their respective boards shall receive gold medals. Silver and bronze medals shall be awarded to the second and third place winners.
7.1.1 For this purpose the players performance score is calculated if the player takes part in at least 70% of the rounds (for basic players) or 50% of the rounds (for reserve players).
The highest performance wins. In case of a tie it shall be broken by:
(a) mutual results (if all played each other);
(b) median Buchholz, the highest number wins;
(c) average rating of opponents, the highest number wins.
For calculating of performance rating the maximum rating difference of two players shall be 400 points. In the case of unplayed games for all calculations the current FIDE Tournament Rules shall be applied.
8.1 Each of the ECU competitions is organised by one of the ECU Chess Federations. Every ECU Chess Federation is entitled to organise an ECU competition itself or attribute the organisation to another body, e.g. a club or a private organisation. In the following, however, reference will always be made to the organising ECU Chess Federation, hereafter abbreviated “organiser”.
8.2 The organisation of an ECU competition is granted by the ECU General Assembly or the ECU Board in accordance with the bid procedure.
8.3 Standards for ECU Tournaments.
8.3.1 The organisers for an ECU have to provide the Standards for ECU Tournaments as stated in annex 4 of these rules.
8.4 Duties of an organiser.
8.4.1 If an offer to organise an ECU competition has been granted by the General Assembly or by the Board the organiser concerned has to transfer the deposit fee according to annex 3 of ECU Financial Regulations within two months after receiving the information.
8.4.2 Within three month after the appointment the appointed organiser of an ECU competition has to sign a contract containing all relevant agreements concerning the event, such as dates of the competition, official hotel, accommodation, food and drinks for participants and officials, medical treatment, playing hall, chess material to be used, internet transmission, merchandising rights, and others.
8.4.3 In case of any violation of the signed contract the ECU Board has the right to keep a part of the deposit fee or the whole amount.
8.4.4 After a decision according to 8.4.3 the respective organiser has the right to forward a written protest to the next ECU General Assembly. Such a protest must be accompanied with a sum equal to 30 % of the amount the ECU Board has kept. If the protest is rejected this sum is forfeited to ECU; if the protest is accepted both amounts will be paid back.
8.4.5 The decision of ECU General Assembly is final.
8.5 At least five months before the beginning of an ECU competition the organising federation will send a draft of the letter of invitation to the ECU President, the ECU Secretary General and the ECU Tournament Director.
8.5.1 The letter of invitation shall be approved by the ECU President.
8.5.2 The ECU President can authorise the ECU Tournament Director or the ECU Secretary General to approve the letter of invitation.
8.6 At least four months before the beginning of an ECU competition the organising federation will send the invitation to all ECU chess federations.
8.6.1 A copy of the invitation shall be sent to the ECU President and the ECU Secretary General.
8.7 At least two months before the beginning of an ECU competition each federation accepting the invitation will send its entry to the organising federation, giving the following details:
- the full name, birth date, FIDE ID number and the last-published FIDE rating of each player
- the full name of the chief of delegation or accompanying person(s)
- for team championships: the full name of the captain(s)
- any information required in connection with visas.
8.7.1 A copy of the entry should be sent to the ECU Secretary General.
9. Financial matters
9.1 Each ECU Chess Federation has the final responsibility for all financial matters with the ECU for each ECU competition organised within its Federation.
9.2 The travelling expenses of the participants (individual players, national teams or clubs) and accompanying persons shall be paid by their national federations, their clubs or by the players themselves.
9.3 The board and lodging expenses of the participants (individual players, national teams or clubs) and accompanying persons shall be paid by their national federations, their clubs or by the players themselves.
9.4 In youth tournaments the board and lodging expenses from the official day of arrival to the breakfast of the day of departure shall be covered by the organising federation for (a) the player(s) or team designated by its federation, (b) the player(s) with a personal right, and (c) the chief of the delegation. For each of these persons the organising federation may require a maximum financial contribution of 150 € per player. The amount may be increased in exceptional cases after approval of the ECU Board. The organising federation shall state in the letter of invitation the daily cost of board and lodging for the participants and accompanying persons not covered by the above.
9.5 In each competition an entry fee has to be paid for the player or the team.
9.5.1 Unless stated otherwise in the letter of invitation, the entry fees stipulated in the ECU Financial Regulations shall be paid by the federations to ECU before or at the start of the competition. If the entry fee is not paid until end of round 2 these participants or teams will not be paired in subsequent rounds.
9.5.2 For exceptions see F.6.1 (European Club Cups) and I.5.1 (European Rapid and Blitz Championships).
10. Arbiters and other officials
10.1 Each organiser of an ECU competition will propose two persons for the position of Chief Arbiter.
10.2 The Chief Arbiter shall be appointed by the ECU President. If deemed necessary the ECU President may consult the organising chess federation, the ECU Board and/or the ECU Tournament Director(s).
10.3 The organising chess federation is responsible for the expenses of the Chief Arbiter (travelling costs - either air travel or first class rail travel with sleeping car - living expenses and pocket money) and shall also foresee a stipend.
10.4 The organising chess federation will appoint the necessary assistant arbiters and other officials (cf. 1.10.5 and 1.10.6).
10.5 If the organising federation wants to appoint a Tournament Director for an ECU competition she will ask the approval of the ECU President.
10.6 If the organising federation wants to appoint a Pairing Officer for an ECU competition she will ask the approval of the ECU President.
10.7 If the organising federation wants to appoint an official as defined sub 1.10.5 and 1.10.6 from another Federation than the organising federation, she will be responsible for the expenses (travelling costs - either air travel or first class rail travel with sleeping car - living expenses and pocket money) and shall also foresee a stipend.
10.8 The Chief Arbiter is responsible that the competition will be played according to the FIDE Rules and the ECU Tournament Rules. He shall have the task of overseeing and co-ordinating the work of all the arbiters and technical staff.
10.9 The Tournament Director shall be competent for all matters of organisation outside the tournament hall.
10.10 The Pairing Officer is responsible to the Chief Arbiter.
10.11 Assistant arbiters shall be placed at the disposal of the Chief Arbiter. They shall be instructed in their duties and supervised by the Chief Arbiter and – if present – the Deputy Chief Arbiter(s).
10.12 The general responsibility of all arbiters is the trouble-free conduct of the playing sessions in the tournament. The arbiters shall ensure overall compliance with the Laws of Chess and the supplementary regulations.
11. Appeals committee
11.1 The chairman of the appeals committee will be nominated by the ECU President.
11.2 In the case of the Individual European Chess Championship (Men and Women) and the European Team Championship the ECU President will nominate two appeal committee members.
11.3 In the case of the other ECU competitions four appeal committee members shall be selected before the beginning of the tournament (e.g. at the occasion of the Captain’s Meeting). These members shall be elected by the players. In the case of team competitions the members may be elected by the team captains. The first two elected will be effective members, the last two elected will be reserve members. If the federation of the chairman or a member of the Appeals Committee is concerned in an appeal, the chairman shall replace this person by one of the reserve members.
11.4 In all cases the nominated or elected Appeals Committee members shall belong to different ECU federations. None of these members shall belong either to the organising federation or to the chief arbiter’s federation.
11.4.1 In the case of a fully nominated Appeals Committee, this Committee will take a decision irrespective of the federation(s) involved in the appeal.
11.5 Procedure of appeals.
Protests, including protests against decisions of the Chief Arbiter or his assistants, or the Tournament Director, must be submitted in written form to the Chairman of the appeals committee within one hour after completion of the playing session.
The protest must be accompanied with the sum of 100 € or the equivalent in local currency, as a deposit from the signatory. The deposit must be handed to the Chairman of the appeals committee. If the appeal is granted, the sum shall be returned immediately. If the appeal is refused, the deposit is forfeited to the European Chess Union.
11.5.1 In individual competitions the appeal has to be lodged by the player.
11.5.2 In team competitions the appeal has to be lodged by the team captain or – if present and known before the start of the competition – by the chief of delegation.
11.6 The decisions of the Appeals Committee are final.
12. Team captains
12.1 In team competitions each team must have a team captain.
12.1.1 The team captain may be one of the players or any of the reserves of the team, in which case he is referred to as a “playing captain”. If he is no player of the team he is referred to as a “non-playing captain”.
12.1.2 Each team is entitled to have only one team captain. The team captain may appoint a deputy to exercise his function but must inform the Chief Arbiter of this in writing. However, during the course of playing only one team captain will be allowed into the playing area.
12.2.1 The chief of delegation is not allowed to enter the playing area.
12.3 Team composition
12.3.1 The team captain must list the players of his team in a fixed board order, upon the time appointed by the Chief Arbiter before the start of the first round; this list is called the final players list. The board order cannot be altered during the tournament; hence reserves may play on the bottom boards only.
12.3.2 Before the start of a round, the team captain must deliver to the Chief Arbiter a list of the team members who are to take part in the round in question.
12.3.3 If this list is not delivered by the appointed time, the team may not use its reserve players. Every deviation from a board order 1,…, N (with N the number of boards in the competition) will result in the loss of the game(s) in question.
12.3.4 If the board order in which a team plays differs from the board order of its final players list, this will result in the loss of the game(s) in question.
12.3.5 The use of any player who does not figure in the final players list will cause the round to be forfeited N:0, in which N is the number of boards in the competition.
12.4 The basic duties and rights of a team captain are defined in the FIDE Tournament Rules.
12.4.1 In the exercise of his function the team captain has the right of access to the area reserved for the players, but it is his duty to ensure that the members of his team who are not involved in the current match or have finished their games do not enter or remain in this area.
12.4.2 During the games the captain must refrain from interfering in any way. He is, however, entitled to advise his players on the offering or accepting of draws or resigning of games, provided that he makes no comment on the actual position on the chess board, and confines himself to giving brief information which can in no way be regarded as an opinion about the progress of the game. The exchange of information should be done in the presence of the Arbiter.
12.4.3 At the end of the playing session, the captain is responsible both for reporting the result to the arbiters and for delivering to them legibly written score sheets of the finished games.
13. Dress Code for the participants and the officials (excluding Youth Championships)
13.1 All participants as well as the officials (arbiters, captains and others being in the playing area) must comply with the Dress Code of the ECU.
Participants and officials will present themselves in a neat and clean appearance.
13.2 Dress rules for the players during the games
In general, players are required to follow the code of casual dressing which means:
- for men dress trousers or jeans, a long-sleeve or shirt-sleeve dress shirt, alternatively T-shirt or polo, loafers or dressy slip-ons, socks, shoes or sneakers (no beach-wear slips, etc.) and, if appropriate, a sport coat or blazer. The trousers, the jeans as well as the shirts and polo’s worn should be crisp and show no excessive wear, no holes and shall be free of body odor.
- for women blouses, turtleneck, T-shirts or polo’s, trousers, jeans or slacks, skirts, dresses, and appropriate footwear (boots, flats, mid-heel or high-heel shoes, sneakers with sock) or any other appropriate clothing modification.
- a jacket, vest or sweater, a scarf, as well as jewelry (earrings, necklace, etc.) coordinated to the outfit may be worn.
- the pieces of the clothing should be crisp, show no excessive wear, no holes and shall be free of body odor.
- in respect to shirts, the second from the top button may also be opened in addition to the very top button.
- sunglasses, glasses, neck ties can be worn during the games, no caps or hats, except for religious reasons
- in general, this category of appearance demands a pulled-together, harmonious, complete look with colors, fabrics, shoes, and accessories, for both men and women.
- national costumes which fit into the generally accepted dress code and are not offensive or indecent to others can be worn
13.3 Dress rules for the winning players or the winning teams during prize-giving ceremonies
- the rules set for these events are valid for a player or any member of a team, including the captain and the delegation chief who is rewarded by a prize in the chess event and thus he/she appears and receives the award in front of the other players and the audience
- such a person shall follow the dress code of business casual (or by another name elegant casual) which means long trousers, shirt, jacket, with or without tie (no t-shirts, no polo, no jeans, no sports shoes or sneakers or slippers, no hats or caps -except for religious reasons-) and the equivalent style of dress for the women players.
- national costumes which are not offensive or indecent to others may be worn.
- it is recommended that teams should be uniformly dressed even if a team uniform is not available.
- a special set of rules is established for the European Individual Championship award ceremonies where the dress code is informal which means a suit with tie, appropriate shoes and the equivalent style of dress for the women player. National costume may be worn in the event.
13.4 Dress code for the arbiters and officials of ECU events
- whenever the arbiters and officials of an ECU chess event appear on the scene in their official capacity, they are tied to follow the dress code of business casual
- if they visit the official venue, especially the game halls of the event, they are allowed to follow the casual dress code.
- if any person of the above-mentioned pool is committed to participate in the award-giving ceremony in his/her official capacity, he/she shall follow the informal dress code.
13.5 Tournament Officials will have the right to give official warning to any player not properly attired. The first warning will be a verbal one. When a player is a member of a team, his/her captain will also be informed. The second time a player will be in breach with the Dress Code he/she will receive a second warning. This warning will be confirmed to the player in writing the same day. When a player is a member of a team, his/her captain will receive a copy of this warning the same day. The player received the written warning will present him/herself to the tournament officials, if it is a team player accompanied by the captain, one hour before the start of the next round. If a player is then still in breach of the Dress Code he/she can be send back to dress appropriately. If he/she does not cooperate, he/she will be denied access to the playing area.
13.6 A player not dressed according to the Code can be refused to attend the opening or closing ceremony.
Tournament Officials can likewise act towards arbiters, captains or others being present in the playing area.
Spectators not properly attired will have to leave the playing area.
14. Other matters
14.1 All players, team captains and organisers are to take part in the opening and closing ceremony.
14.1.1 If one of the prize winners (player, member or captain of a team) is absent during the closing ceremony, then:
his (their) money prize will be reduced by 20 % with a minimum of 100 €
any other prize (medal, trophy, …) will not be awarded as long as a penalty of 100 € per player (or captain) has not been paid.
The money will be forfeited to ECU.
14.2 The fact of beginning the game in the first round of a championship implies acceptance of the General Tournament Rules and the Specific Rules for this championship.
14.3 The logo of the European Chess Union has to be visible in the tournament hall.
14.4 The logo of the European Chess Union has to be put on all printed material related to the tournament, i.e. letter of invitation, tournament bulletins, announcements during the tournament, and so on.
14.5 Official Hotels
14.5.1 In order to hold the ECU competitions in a proper manner and to be in permanent close contact with all participants, official hotels will be appointed. The room prices may not exceed the normal rates.
Each participant is advised to stay in one of the official hotels. For youth tournaments the players are obliged to stay in one of the official hotels. Exceptions for local players have to be approved by the ECU-President.
Players who choose another hotel than the official ones will take the risk of their transportation to the playing venue, security, and all official tournament informations.
14.6 Players in individual competitions or teams in team competitions who are not represented at the technical meeting - one day before the start of the competition – will not be paired for the first round. Exceptions of this rule can be accepted by the chief arbiter of the tournament.
14.7 If a player in an individual competition or a team in a team competition of ECU wants to withdraw from the tournament before the last round the approval of the Chief Arbiter is necessary.
14.7.1 The Chief Arbiter may accept the withdrawal if it is based on an acceptable written certificate of a doctor or in case of an acceptable “force majeure”.
14.8 In all official competitions ECU shall exploit all rights which it owns or shares with third parties, such as property rights of any type, intellectual property rights and rights for audio-visual and sound-broadcasting transmissions by picture or data carrier of any kind (including all means of transmitting computer images, with or without sound, such as internet, on-line services or the like, whether existing already or not). This includes the production, duplication, dissemination and broadcasting of pictures, sound or data carriers of any kind by ECU alone or with third parties.
14.8.1 For this purpose, ECU alone, or with third parties, shall be entitled to form or operate companies, for which they may make use of any legal entities authorized under Swiss law.
14.8.2 A detailed way of the exploitation of rights, the organisation o transmitting computer images, with or without sound, such as Internet, on-line services or the like will be specified by the ECU Board.
14.8.3 The way the income earned from marketing is shared, as well as the income earned from transmitting computer images, with or without sound, such as Internet, on-line services or the like, will be specified by the ECU Board.
14.8.4 The details from 14.8.2 and 14.8.3 for these Rules will become an integral part of every contract signed with the technical organizers of the official ECU competitions, starting from those awarded after January 1, 2012.
C. Bid Procedure
1. Bid application
1.1 Each bid for organising an ECU competition has to be made by the Chess Federation in which the championship will be held. The official bid form (see annex) shall be used.
1.2 Each application must contain detailed information of playing venue, schedule, entry fees, prizes, cost of accommodation, transportation and the cost of it, and all other details relevant to the tournament. In particular all information required in connection with visas should be given.
1.3 Bids for organising an ECU competition have to be sent by the organising chess federation to the ECU Secretariat before the deadline either indicated in the Specific Rules or fixed by the ECU Board for this ECU competition.
1.4 A bid will only be taken into account if the federation concerned has paid a bid fee according to the financial regulations to the account of the European Chess Union within one week after the deadline.
ed by the organisers. The minimum number of chess sets has to be 10 % of the number of participating players, 5% for youth championships.